This weekend’s analysis will focus on the Global Humanitarian Assistance Report of 2017 present by Devinit.
Ongoing and new crises left an estimated 164.2 million people in 47 countries in need of international humanitarian assistance in 2016. Over a quarter of people in need were in just three countries – Yemen, Syria and Iraq. Most countries requiring international assistance were affected by multiple crisis types – with many conflict-affected countries also hosting refugees and experiencing disasters associated with natural hazards. The number of people forced into displacement by conflict or violence reached 65.6 million by the end of 2016, the highest recorded total to date. Nearly two-thirds of these people were internally displaced.
Poverty, vulnerability and crisis are clearly linked. At the latest count, an estimated 87% of those living in extreme poverty – at least 661 million people – were in countries affected by fragility, environmental vulnerability or both. Yet the real number, including people in vulnerable countries where poverty data is missing, is likely to be much higher. While global levels of extreme poverty fell, the proportion of extremely poor people in high-risk settings increased since the previous count, prompting fresh commitments for joined-up humanitarian, development and peace building approaches.
In response to complex needs, a varied landscape of financing mechanisms is emerging. Domestic revenues are critical for preventing, responding to and rebuilding after crises, as are other international resources beyond humanitarian and development assistance. Funding instruments and investments – from contingency financing to concessional loans – offer potential as part of a comprehensive approach to reduce the risks and impacts of crises and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, but are not fully active nor appropriate everywhere.
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